Bethlehem: The Ultimate Psychological Torture

By EA Jamie

Suhaila and Naim live 100 metres from their farmland. However, because of the Israeli occupation of Palestine, they must travel 20 kilometres to get there.

Since 2002 Israel has been building a separation barrier between Israel and Palestine. However, the route of this barrier does not follow the internationally recognised border; 85% of the route runs inside the West Bank, effectively annexing Palestinian land to Israel.

In 2015 and 2016, Israel extended the separation barrier through the Cremisan Valley near Bethlehem, cutting Palestinian families off from their agricultural land. Suhaila and Naim, an elderly couple in the area, live around 100 metres from their land, but the barrier now blocks their access to it.

The road that used to give Suhaila and Naim open access to their land, but is now blocked by the Israeli separation barrier. Photo credit: EAPPI/ EA Jamie

Rather than simply walk to the end of their road, Suhaila and Naim, who have asked to not have photos of them published for fear of retribution by the Israeli military, must now travel around 20 kilometres and pass through an Israeli military checkpoint to reach their land. They have to make this journey every day to care for their trees and beehives. On a good day, driving this route takes around half an hour. When the Israeli soldiers choose to delay them with extra questioning and checks, the journey takes up to two hours.

“We are doomed to eternal suffering by the separation wall”

“We are doomed to eternal suffering by the separation wall” says Suhaila. “The most important aspect for me is losing my best recreation activity” – before the construction of the separation barrier, she went to their land several times a day whenever she felt upset to make her feel better. Being blocked from her land is, she says, “the ultimate psychological torture”.

For many other Palestinians in the area, it is not even possible to access the annexed land via the long route through the checkpoint. Suhaila and Naim are classified as Jerusalem residents, which means that they are permitted to cross the checkpoint at any time. Palestinians without this status can only access their land on particular times and days during the olive harvest season, which only lasts two months.

A few months ago, things became much more difficult for Suhaila and Naim when an artery in Naim’s leg got blocked. He has had six operations so far, with at least another one to come. Suhaila and their two sons have had to spend a lot of time with Naim in hospital, and the long travel time to their land has meant that they could not harvest any of their peaches or apricots, which were left to rot.

The Israeli separation barrier blocking Suhaila and Naim from accessing their land. Photo credit: EAPPI/ EA Jamie 

The Cremisan Valley, famous for its wine production for use in Christian communion, is just one small part of Palestine that is impacted by the separation barrier, which, according to the UN, is 65% complete and projected to be 712 km long when finished. The International Court of Justice has ruled that the route violates international law. Israel maintains that the barrier is a legitimate security measure to prevent Palestinian terrorism.

“do not make both eyes blind to political affairs and sleep on our suffering in Palestine”

When I ask what they would like to say to the citizens of countries that are providing economic and/or military support to Israel, Suhaila asks that we “do not make both eyes blind to political affairs and sleep on our suffering in Palestine”.

Take Action!

Read more about the separation barrier and write to your elected representatives today to raise your concerns about the Palestinians cut off from their land; ask them to take action.